All Chapters Video 3.4 Naming Alcohols, Ethers, and Amines Chapter OutlineChapter Quiz Question? Ask Dr. Mike! Lesson Summary When naming alcohols, we follow the rules for naming alkanes, except: 1. The parent chain is now the longest chain that has the hydroxyl group, even if there are longer carbon chains available. 2. Number the carbon chain in the direction that gives the smallest number to the carbon bonded to the hydroxyl group. 3. Hydroxyl groups are higher priority than cycloalkanes, amines, alkenes, ethers, and alkyl halides, so they must be numbered according to the lowest-number carbon that is bonded to the hydroxyl group. 4. Change suffix “-e” to “-ol”. When naming ethers: 1. Name the two alkyl groups as substituents with “ether” at the end: 2. Consider the longest carbon chain to be the parent chain and the alkoxy group to be a substituent: When naming primary amines, add the suffix “amine” to the name of the organic substituent. Symmetrical and secondary amines are named by adding “di-” or “tri-” to the alkyl group: Lesson 3.4 Naming Alcohols, Ethers, and Amines 3.1 IUPAC Basics and Naming Alkanes 3.1 Quiz Video Solution 3.2 Naming Cycloalkanes and Alkyl Halides 3.2 Quiz Video Solution 3.3 Naming Alkenes 3.3 Quiz Video Solution (Pt. 1) 3.3 Quiz Video Solution (Pt. 2) 3.3 Quiz Video Solution (Pt. 3) 3.4 Naming Alcohols, Ethers, and Amines 3.4 Quiz Video Solution (Pt. 1) 3.4 Quiz Video Solution (Pt. 2) 3.5 Naming Aldehydes and Ketones 3.5 Quiz Video Solution 3.6 Naming Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives 3.6 Quiz Video Solution 3.7 Naming Aromatics 3.7 Quiz Video Solution 3.8 Naming Polyfunctional Compounds 3.8 Quiz Video Solution (Pt. 1) 3.8 Quiz Video Solution (Pt. 2) Instructor Dr. Mike Christiansen Dr. Christiansen is a chemistry professor at Utah State University and has a PhD in organic chemistry. He's been teaching students chemistry for nearly 12 years.